Comprehensive Guide to Individual Income Taxation in Serbia

Understanding Individual Income Determination in Serbia

Navigating the intricacies of individual income taxation in Serbia is essential for both residents and non-residents. This comprehensive guide breaks down the different types of income subject to taxation, the applicable rates, and the specific rules governing each income category, ensuring you stay compliant and optimize your financial planning.

Employment Income

Employment income includes the agreed salary and other earnings arising from employment. This income is subject to personal income tax (PIT) at a flat rate of 10%, after deducting a non-taxable salary cap of RSD 25,000. The taxable base is the gross salary, which includes fringe benefits.

Key Points:

  • Taxable Base: Gross salary minus RSD 25,000 non-taxable cap.
  • Fringe Benefits: Includes company-provided housing and use of a company car.
  • Tax Rate: 10% flat rate.

Other Types of Income

Other income types such as royalties, business income, investment income, real estate lease income, capital gains, and miscellaneous income are taxed at flat rates ranging from 10% to 20%, depending on the income type.

Royalty Income

Royalty income includes revenue from copyrights, rights related to copyright, and industrial property rights. The taxable base is the difference between gross revenue and costs incurred in generating and preserving the income. Standard costs reduce the taxable base and are equal to 50%, 43%, and 34% of the gross income, depending on the type of royalty. The tax rate is 20% after deduction of standard costs.

Business Income

Business income includes self-employment income from agriculture, forestry, business activities, and professional services. Registered VAT payers are also considered taxpayers for self-employment income. If bookkeeping is not feasible, a lump-sum tax may apply.

Investment Income

Investment income includes interest on loans, savings, and other deposits, dividends/shares in profits, income from investment units of open investment funds, income from alternative investment funds, receipts on a profit-sharing basis, and real estate revenues. The taxable base is the total gross amount of such income, taxed at 15%. Certain exemptions apply to interest accrued from savings in Serbian dinars and government bonds.

Real Estate Lease Income

Income from leasing or sub-leasing real estate is taxed at 20%. Specific rules apply for certain types of real estate lease income, such as one-day rentals.

Capital Gains

Capital gains include income from the sale or transfer of real estate, permanent rights to urban land use, intellectual property rights, shares in legal entities, and other securities, excluding bonds, digital property, and certain investment units. The taxable base is the difference between the sale price and the purchase price, adjusted according to the PIT Law. The tax rate is 15%. Residents may be exempt from capital gains tax if the capital assets are held for more than ten consecutive years.

Miscellaneous Income

Miscellaneous income includes leasing of equipment, winnings from games of chance, personal insurance income, athlete and sports expert income, hospitality services income, and any other income not categorized elsewhere. The tax rate is 20%, except for insurance income, which is taxed at 15%.

Tax Responsibilities for Non-Residents

Non-residents earning income from employment, diplomatic or consular missions, or international organizations in Serbia must calculate and pay PIT if the tax has not already been withheld and paid by the payer.

Exempt Income

Certain types of income are exempt from PIT, such as social welfare and pensions. Specific employment income up to prescribed amounts is also exempt, including public transportation costs and daily allowances for business trips.

Tax-Exempt Employee Benefits

  • Workplace Recreation: Activities to enhance employee health and cooperation.
  • Sporting Events: Organized activities for employees.
  • Debt Relief: Partial write-off of bank receivables.
  • Solidarity Allowance: For childbirth.

Employees acquiring company shares free or at a discounted price may be exempt from PIT, except under specific conditions related to share disposal, buyback timing, and employment termination.


Understanding the individual income tax system in Serbia is crucial for compliance and financial optimization. This guide provides a detailed overview to help you manage your tax obligations effectively, leveraging available exemptions and benefits to enhance your financial well-being. By staying informed about tax rates, deductions, and exemptions, you can make smarter financial decisions and achieve greater financial stability in Serbia.

capital gains tax Serbia, employment income tax Serbia, Individual income tax Serbia, investment income tax Serbia, non-resident tax Serbia, real estate lease tax Serbia, Serbia personal income tax, Serbia PIT, Serbia tax guide, Serbia tax rates, tax compliance Serbia, tax exemptions Serbia, taxation rules Serbia

Are you ready to
have your case resolved?

Fill out our quick contact form below. And we’ll shortly let you know how to proceed. It’s that simple.

    By submitting your contact information, you agree that we may contact you by telephone (including text) and email in accordance with our Terms and Privacy Policy.

    Recent resources

    Ready to Win Your Case? Contact us Today.

    Fill out our quick contact form below. Shortly thereafter we’ll let you know if you have a case. It’s that simple.

      By submitting your contact information, you agree that we may contact you by telephone (including text) and email in accordance with our Terms and Privacy Policy.